The legislative process is a matter about which every person should be well informed in order to understand and appreciate the work of Congress. It is hoped that this guide will enable readers to gain a greater understanding of the federal legislative process and its role as one of the foundations of our representative system.
There are many processes a bill goes through in the U.
Congress on the way to becoming a law, and at each turn, there are a myriad of ways the bill can be defeated before it ever reaches the floor for a vote. Even after approval by both chambers, the president can still veto it.
The legislative process is a complicated one but can be broken down into ten basic steps.
|How A Bill Becomes A Law | U.S. Representative Alan Lowenthal||While not all bills are the same, below you will find a basic step-by-step accounting of how a bill becomes public law.|
|Constitutional Topic: How a Bill Becomes a Law - The U.S. Constitution Online - schwenkreis.com||The path of a bill Debrief Did the idea to solve the problem the bill change much from its inception to entry to the chamber? Why do you think the passage of a bill is divided into definite stages?|
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Introducing the Bill The bill is drafted. A bill can be drafted by anyone, but must be sponsored and introduced by a member of Congress, then presented in either the House or Senate.
The president or a member of the cabinet may also draft a bill but a member of Congress must introduce it.
When a member of Congress chooses to introduce a bill, he or she becomes a sponsor of that bill. The bill is introduced and then goes to the appropriate committee or committees, where it is studied and its chances of passing are determined.
The Bill in Committee Review The committee usually will refer the bill to a subcommittee for further review. Often hearings are held where views can be made public and put on record, and opposing views can be heard.
The subcommittee "marks up" the bill, making changes and amendments, then reports to the full committee. The bill can be killed if the committee takes no action on it.
The committee debates, then votes on its presentation of the bill to the full House or Senate, a process called "ordering the bill to be reported. If it is passed in one chamber it is called an "act. That chamber may then approve, reject, ignore or change the bill. If there are significant differences between versions of a bill passed in both houses, a bicameral conference committee attempts to reconcile the differences between House and Senate versions -- the two houses must approve identical versions.
A report with the committee members' requests for changes is given to both the House and Senate for approval. If they do not agree on approval, the bill dies.
The President The approved bill is sent to the president for review, and becomes a law if the president signs it, or if it remains unsigned on the president's desk over a day period while Congress remains in session.
However, if Congress adjourns within the day period and the bill remains unsigned, it also fails to become law -- this is known as a "pocket veto.
The bill goes back to Congress for a vote.
If the bill receives a two-thirds majority vote in both chambers, it overrides the presidential veto and becomes law.The Bill is Considered on the House Floor A bill can come to the House Floor for consideration in a variety of ways.
Many House bills are debated through a parliamentary device known as the Committee of the Whole, which is a mechanism that permits faster . The way we get a bill passed though the House of Representatives is a maze of hearings and committee.
In this paper I plan to get a bill on legalizing marijuana through the House. The bill Im introducing focuses the legalization for the use by Doctor for their patients for pain. • Step 1: An idea for a bill (comes from members of Congress, White House, private citizens, governors, interest groups, federal agency, mayors, etc.) • Step 3: Committee Action(House and Senate: Committees hold hearings in which experts testify, markup bills, and then the committee votes favorably or unfavorably for the bill.
Laws begin as ideas.
First, a representative sponsors a bill. The bill is then assigned to a committee for study. If released by the committee, the bill is put on a calendar to be voted on, debated or amended. If the bill passes by simple majority ( of ), the bill moves to the Senate.
Legislation: Passing a bill in the House of Representatives Parliamentary lesson plan – Legislation: Passing a bill in the House of Representatives [PDF kb, 4 pages] This lesson explores how legislation is introduced to the House of Representatives with special emphasis on how issues of national importance arise and how bills move through.
How Our Laws Are Made. This is a web-friendly presentation of the PDF "How Our Laws Are Made" (House Document ); revised and updated by John V. Sullivan, Parliamentarian, United States House of Representatives, July I. INTRODUCTION This online resource provides a basic outline of the numerous steps of our federal law-making process .