An introduction to the life and political history of salvador allende gossens

Chilean president S alvador Allende made history by being the first democratically elected socialist head of state in the Western Hemisphere. Socialism is an economic and political system in which the government owns most means of production and profits are shared with everyone. Trained as a doctor, Allende devoted most of his life to improving the lives of working-class Chileans.

An introduction to the life and political history of salvador allende gossens

Personal use only; commercial use is strictly prohibited for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice. A medical doctor by training, and a long-time member of the Socialist Party, Allende won a seat in the Chamber of Deputies in and the Senate in He campaigned for the presidency four times,andalways at the head of a coalition of left-wing parties.

His program was undermined by the conservative opposition, conflicts within his own governing coalition, spontaneous revolutionary activism, and the unrelenting antagonism of the Nixon Administration.

An introduction to the life and political history of salvador allende gossens

He died in a military coup on September 11,which initiated a year long military dictatorship. His attempts to unite socialism, anti-imperialism, nationalism, and democracy in Chile while facing the concerted opposition of Washington, made him a subject of fascination and admiration around the world.

His integrity, and his ultimate decision to die for his beliefs when these attempts failed, made him a martyr.

He was an extrovert who delighted in the company of others, whereas his wife, Laura Gossens Uribewas quiet and serious, a devout Catholic who attended Mass daily. Allende spent his first ten years in Tacna, still a part of Chile, as his father worked on the final territorial agreement between Peru and Chile that followed the War of the Pacific — Within a year, he left for Santiago to study at the National Institute, a prestigious secondary school where he spent one year before rejoining his family, now in the southern city of Valdivia.

The son and grandson of Masons and members of the Radical Party, Allende grew up in a family that was comfortable but not wealthy, privileged but not powerful, liberal but not radical.

Allende would credit his own political awakening to the influence of Juan Demarchi, an anarchist whose workshop sat across the street from the Allende residence. Allende did not become a socialist by studying Marxist theory.

He finished his secondary studies inas the country entered a prolonged period of tumultuous change. Arturo Alessandri Palma had been elected president inas the head of a centrist alliance of liberal-leaning parties.

Click to view larger Figure 1. Salvador Allende, Regimiento Lancers de Tacna, Allende postponed his university studies to enter the military. Although service was obligatory, middle class men easily avoided it. Although his more radical friends would question his time in uniform, his short stint in the army put him at ease around military men while also indicating his characteristic independence of thought.

Allende was never far from these events. University-level student politics were often training grounds for later political careers, and Allende entered this arena inas president of the notably activist association of medical students.

The organization demanded its members affirm this position, and virtually all of them did. Readmitted inAllende received his degree, with high honors, following the completion of his thesis in His ideology was as much Allendismo as orthodox socialism. These brief experiments not only put socialism on the agenda, but left behind state agencies and decree laws that Allende would leverage when he became President.

Contrary to the older PC, with which it was often at odds, the party never imposed doctrinal orthodoxy. Click to view larger Figure 2. Allende in the uniform of the Socialist Party, c. He returned to Valparaiso inand embarked on the first of his many political campaigns. At 28, he won a seat in the Chamber of Deputies.

Both rushed into the street and, through mutual friends, were introduced.

An introduction to the life and political history of salvador allende gossens

She headed the Salvador Allende Foundation until her death in Introduction: Political and Technological Visions —Stafford Beer, February This book tells the history of two intersecting utopian visions, one political and one technological.

The first was an attempt to implement socialist change peacefully and guidance of Salvador Allende Gossens. Chile’s turn toward socialism came after a more. Salvador Isabelino Allende Gossens IPA: [salβaðor aʝεnde 'gosens] (June 26, – September 11, ) was a physician and Chilean politician, usually reckoned as Latin America's first democratically-elected Marxist president.

Talk:Salvador Allende/Archive 8. Jump to navigation Jump to search. This is an archive of past Allende's political coalition was formed by the Socialist, Communist and Radical parties and other political parties and movements.

History of Chile under Salvador Allende and the Popular Unity by Ewin Martinez{{{cross}}}. Allende's involvement in Chilean political life spanned a period of nearly forty years. As a member of the Socia Salvador Guillermo Allende Gossens (Spanish: [salβaˈðoɾ aˈʝende ˈɣosens]; 26 June – 11 September ), more commonly known as Salvador Allende, was a Chilean physician and politician, known as the first Marxist to /5.

Allende’s speeches were said to be very radical (extreme) and Allende’s vision for Chile seemed completely different to the Chile that most people were familiar with. For example: Allende was said to be an atheist and Marxist.

Salvador Allende - Wikipedia

Early Life. Salvador Isabelino del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús Allende Gossens was born on July 26, , in Valparaíso, Chile. The son of Salvador Allende Castro and Doña Laura Gossens Uribe, he was part of an upper-middle-class family that had a long tradition in progressive Jul 26,

Talk:Salvador Allende/Archive 11 - Wikipedia