The name "America" is often used to refer to the United States, but until the political formation of the United States after the Revolutionary War, this designation referred to South America only. Such use of this designation is impolitic from the perspective of Canadians and Latin Americans. The United States has an Anglo majority that is politically and economically dominant. One of the defining characteristics of the country as a nation is its legacy of slavery and the persistence of economic and social inequalities based on race.
The French established their own as well along the Mississippi River. Many settlers were dissenting Christian groups who came seeking religious freedom.
The continent's first elected legislative assembly, Virginia's House of Burgesses created inthe Mayflower Compactsigned by the Pilgrims before disembarking, and the Fundamental Orders of Connecticutestablished precedents for the pattern of representative self-government and constitutionalism that would develop throughout the American colonies.
Cash crops included tobacco, rice, and wheat. Extraction industries grew up in furs, fishing and lumber. Manufacturers produced rum and ships, and by the late colonial period, Americans were producing one-seventh of the world's iron supply.
English colonists were supplemented by waves of Scotch-Irish and other groups. As coastal land grew more expensive, freed indentured servants pushed further west.
Relatively small Native American populations were eclipsed. Excluding the Native Americanswho were being conquered and displaced, the 13 British colonies had a population of over 2. Despite continuing new arrivals, the rate of natural increase was such that by the s only a small minority of Americans had been born overseas.
Although the Spanish did not land, natives paddled to the ship to trade furs for abalone shells from California. There may also have been confusion with Nuu-chah-nulththe natives' autonym a name for themselves.
It may also have simply been based on Cook's mispronunciation of Yuquot, the native name of the place.
Violence was not a significant factor in the overall decline among Native Americansthough conflict among themselves and with Europeans affected specific tribes and various colonial settlements.
Native Americans were also often at war with neighboring tribes and allied with Europeans in their colonial wars. At the same time, however, many natives and settlers came to depend on each other. Settlers traded for food and animal pelts, natives for guns, ammunition and other European wares.
European missionaries and others felt it was important to "civilize" the Native Americans and urged them to adopt European agricultural techniques and lifestyles. He returned to Hawaii to resupply, initially exploring the coasts of Maui and the big islandtrading with locals and then making anchor at Kealakekua Bay in January When his ships and company left the islands, a ship's mast broke in bad weather, forcing them to return in mid-February.
Cook would be killed days later. Americans had developed an ideology of " republicanism " asserting that government rested on the will of the people as expressed in their local legislatures.
They demanded their rights as Englishmen and "no taxation without representation". The British insisted on administering the empire through Parliament, and the conflict escalated into war. The fourth day of July is celebrated annually as Independence Day.
Nationalists led the Philadelphia Convention of in writing the United States Constitutionratified in state conventions in The federal government was reorganized into three branches, on the principle of creating salutary checks and balances, in George Washingtonwho had led the revolutionary army to victory, was the first president elected under the new constitution.
The Bill of Rightsforbidding federal restriction of personal freedoms and guaranteeing a range of legal protections, was adopted in Background.
Since the late s, policymakers have debated the question of how society should deal with the problem of women’s substance use during pregnancy. Fact Sheet: Overview of Lesbian and Gay Parenting, Adoption, and Foster CareThe last decade has seen a sharp rise in the number of lesbians and gay men forming their own families through adoption, foster care, artificial insemination and other means.
Researchers estimate that the total number of children nationwide living with at least one gay parent ranges from six to 14 million.
Identification. The name "America" is often used to refer to the United States, but until the political formation of the United States after the Revolutionary War, this designation referred to South America .
Mandatory Reporters of Child Abuse and Neglect schwenkreis.com 3. This material may be freely reproduced and distributed. However, when doing so, please credit Child Welfare .
Background. Since the late s, policymakers have debated the question of how society should deal with the problem of women’s substance use during pregnancy. 21st National Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect (NCCAN) The 21st NCCAN will be held from April , , in Washington, DC.
The conference theme is "Strong and Thriving Families.".