Social determinants and the health of Indigenous peoples in Australia — a human rights based approach Author Area: Introduction Improving the health status of Indigenous peoples 1 in Australia is a longstanding challenge for governments in Australia. The gap in health status between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians remains unacceptably wide.
Causal factors of family violence and child abuse in Aboriginal communities Introduction This section outlines what the literature says about causal factors of family violence and child abuse in Aboriginal communities. While the broader literature on the causes of family violence outside Aboriginal families is not reviewed in detail here, it should be noted that there are strong parallels between the two bodies of literature.
Aboriginal writers and commentators also make this link for example Hazelhurst In contrast, much of the knowledge coming from the Indigenous community is based on personal and first-hand experience, rather than a structured form of data collection. This knowledge is commonly repeated and confirmed by many people, thus providing the information with some validity.
Very little research in the violence area has been done by, or with, Indigenous communities, it is important that the knowledge generated by Indigenous peoples is incorporated into any future attempt to develop solutions to violence. Initially, most of the approaches focused on identification of single factors Browne These factors, derived from retrospective studies included: However, in the s the limitations of focusing on single factors was recognised.
In particular, it became clear that no single factor could account for child maltreatment.
|Causal factors of family violence and child abuse in Aboriginal communities||Nearly one third of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population report high levels of psychological distress - 2.|
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|Indigenous Australian art - Wikipedia||The biennial HPF report is the authoritative evidence base for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health policy and is well recognised for its innovative approach to combining evidence from national data collections and research literature with policy analysis.|
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|Quick search form||Rainbow serpent by John MawurndjulIn Australian painter Rex Batterbee taught Aboriginal artist Albert Namatjira western style watercolour landscape painting, along with other Aboriginal artists at the Hermannsburg mission in the Northern Territory. It became a popular style, known as the Hermannsburg Schooland sold out when the paintings were exhibited in Melbourne, Adelaide and other Australian cities.|
Researchers then began to investigate the interactions of parent, child and environmental factors. These social interactionist models emphasise the importance of viewing child abuse and neglect within the context of the child, family, their local community and society.
Thus theories of the causes of child maltreatment have shifted from explanations based on individual pathology to explanations where abuse is a symptom of significant childrearing problems, often occurring in families with other significant family problems e. The causes of child abuse in Indigenous communities While there exists a number of different theories on the causes of family violence and child abuse in Indigenous communities, it is commonly believed that child abuse is caused by a multitude of factors.
This view is supported by the majority of commentators from the s onwards. For example, the National Aboriginal Health Strategy Working Party reported that domestic violence, which the noted was frequently associated with alcohol consumption, could not be attributed to any one cause.
Atkinson ban important Indigenous commentator, lists some of the contributing factors to family violence in Indigenous communities as being: He listed the following multi-causal factors for high rates of violence: One factor contributing to this is the forced westernisation of marriage relationships in Aboriginal communities around the concept of adolescence, where previously girls were married at the onset of puberty.
Memmott and colleagues suggested that the causes of violence are often, and probably best, considered in three contributing categories.
The literature provides some details in relation to a number of causal factors. It should be noted that various causal factors may be given different emphasis by different authors and commentators, similar factors may be described in a number of varying ways, and the factors are not discrete but are inter-related, often with multi-directional causes and effects.
Underlying factors which cause family violence Intergenerational layers of trauma A number of prominent Indigenous spokespersons believe that present dysfunctional behaviour that occurs within Indigenous communities, including violence in general and the sexual assault of Indigenous children, is grounded in unresolved grief associated with multiple layers of trauma which has spanned many generations for example, AtkinsonPearsonRobertson This pain has become internalised within the family, expressing itself in destructive behaviours such as family violence, alcohol and drug abuse and suicide Atkinson While variously described, these traumas almost exclusively relate to the impact on Indigenous communities of their interface with the dominant white communities throughout the history of white settlement of Australia, including contemporary Australian society.
The massacres and inhumane treatment of their families remain fresh in their minds. Atkinson believes that the traumas relate to: Cunneen and Libesman relate present disadvantage back to the historical experience of previous government policy of assimilation, as well as the dispossession and marginalisation experienced by Indigenous people.This year’s Closing the Gap report tells a more positive story than the report on the seven measurable gaps between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians in the areas of health.
All Indigenous people are eligible for an annual Indigenous-specific health check: item on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS). This tool shows numbers and usage rates of the checks at national, state and territory and Primary Health Network levels.
The health status of indigenous peoples varies significantly from that of non-indigenous population groups in countries all over the world. An official definition of "indigenous" has not been adopted by the UN system due to the diversity of the world’s indigenous .
Redfern Community Centre Friday Night Speakers. Speech by Tom Calma, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner, 1 April Opening statement to the Senate Select Committee on the Administration of Indigenous Affairs By Mr Tom Calma, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander.
Indigenous Australian health and wellbeing statistics indicate Aboriginal Australians are much less healthy than the rest of the Australian community. In , the National Aboriginal Health Strategy was created.
In –11 the most common cause of hospital admissions for Indigenous Australians in mainland Australia was for kidney dialysis . Indigenous Australian art or Australian Aboriginal art is art made by the Indigenous peoples of Australia and in collaborations between Indigenous Australians and others.
It includes works in a wide range of media including painting on leaves, wood carving, rock carving, sculpting, ceremonial clothing and sand schwenkreis.com article discusses works that pre-date European colonisation as well as.