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The Article of the Month by Robert Dilts. Eye Movements and NLP Eye movements as indicators of specific cognitive processes is one of the most well known, if controversial, discoveries of NLP, and potentially one of the most valuable.
According to NLP, automatic, unconscious eye movements, or "eye accessing cues," often accompany particular thought processes, and indicate the access and use of particular representational systems.
The notion that eye movements might be related to internal representations was first suggested by American psychologist William James in his book Principles of Psychologypp. Observing that some forms of micromovement always accompany thought, James wrote: In attending to either an idea or a sensation belonging to a particular sense-sphere, the movement is the adjustment of the sense-organ, felt as it occurs.
I cannot think in visual terms, or example, without feeling a fluctuating play of pressures, convergences, divergences, and accommodations in my eyeballs When I try to remember or reflect, the movements in question.
As far Capitola thesis I can detect, these feelings are due to an actual rolling outwards and upwards of the eyeballs. What James is describing is well known in NLP as a visual eye-accessing cue [eyes moving up and to the left or right for visualization].
They observed that right-handed people tended to shift their heads and eyes to the right during "left hemisphere" logical and verbally oriented tasks, and to move their heads and eyes to the left during "right hemisphere" artistic Capitola thesis spatially oriented tasks. That is, people tended to look in the opposite direction of the part of the brain they were using to complete a cognitive task.
In earlyRichard Bandler, John Grinder and their students began to explore the relationship between eye movements and the different senses as well as the different cognitive processes associated with the brain hemispheres. In Robert Dilts conducted a study, at the Langley Porter Neuropsychiatric Institute in San Francisco, attempting to correlate eye movements to particular cognitive and neurophysiological processes.
Dilts used electrodes to track both the eye movements and brain wave characteristics of subjects who were asked questions related to using the various senses of sight, hearing and feeling for tasks involving both memory "right brain" processing and mental construction "left brain" processing.
Subjects were asked a series of questions in eight groupings. Each was also geared to either memory non-dominant hemisphere processing or construction dominant hemisphere processing.
Dilts' recordings tended to confirm other tests which showed that lateralization of eye movements accompanied brain activity during different cognitive tasks.
This pattern also seemed to hold for tasks requiring different senses. As a result of these studies, and many hours of observations of people from different cultures and racial backgrounds from all over the world, the following eye movement patterns were identified Dilts,; Grinder, DeLozier and Bandler, ; Bandler and Grinder, ; Dilts, Grinder, Bandler and DeLozier, Eyes Up and Left: Non-dominant hemisphere visualization - i.
Eyes Up and Right: Dominant hemisphere visualization - i. Non-dominant hemisphere auditory processing - i. Dominant hemisphere auditory processing - i. Eyes Down and Left: Internal dialogue, or inner self-talk Ad. Eyes Down and Right: Feelings, both tactile and visceral K.
Eyes Straight Ahead, but Defocused or Dilated: Quick access of almost any sensory information; but usually visual. Basic NLP Eye Accessing Cues This pattern appears to be constant for right handed people throughout the human race with the possible exception of the Basques, whose population appears to contain a fair number of 'exceptions to the rule'.
Subsequent studies Loiselle, and Buckner, Reese and Reese, have supported the NLP claim that eye movements both reflect and influence key cognitive componants of thought. Many left handed people, however, tend to be reversed from left to right.
That is, their eye accessing cues are the mirror image of those of the average right hander. They look down and left for feelings, instead of down and right. Similarly, they look up and to the right to remember visual imagery, instead of up and to the left, and so on.
A small number of people including ambidextrous and a few right handed people will be reversed in their some of their eye accessing cues their visual eye movements, for examplebut not the others.
To explore the relationship between eye movements and thinking for yourself, find a partner, ask the following questions, and observe his or her eye movements.
For each question keep track of your partner's eye movements in one of the boxes following the questions below by using marks, lines or numbers that represent the sequence of positions you observe.from Capitola help pave the way for the progression of feminist tomboys in the future.
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Capitola Phillips currently works at the Science and Mathematics, NorthWest Arkansas Community College.