The women's team has won three World Cups, with their most recent triumph occurring in The men's team has yet to advance past the quarterfinals of a World Cup, let alone win the whole tournament. In the lawsuit, the women's team cited some eye-opening statistics: Therefore, it is no surprise that a gender-based pay inequity exists in sports.
Tap here to turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to you. Therefore, it is no surprise that a gender-based pay inequity exists in sports.
Throughout history, men and women have never been viewed as equals. Cultural norms have ingrained in society the notion that women are inferior to men, and that notion has prevailed to this day Hollander. The election of Donald J. For sports in particular, the midth century ideology that "men and women are naturally and categorically different and should thus be sorted into different and unequal spheres that reflect their different natures and bodies" has led to the discrimination of female athletes Messner This idea that men and women are different in composition and therefore unequal has led many to believe that male athletes perform better than female athletes, and are therefore paid more.
But what constitutes "performance? In order to account for the true value the athletes can bring, performance should incorporate all aspects of the sport that the athlete is competing in, including the off-the-field or off-the-court aspects.
With the influx of money and increasing public interest, the "job" of being a successful athlete now involves more than just on-field or on-court performance; it has come to incorporate aspects like endorsements, branding, social responsibility, and marketability Shaw.
We believe that the most important off-the-field or off-the-court aspect that should be included when defining the performance of an athlete is marketing.
Examining the marketing-based factors that are potentially influencing the pay inequity that exists between the U. In the upcoming parts of this article, we will trace the history of gender inequality, and reviews the various initiatives, successful or not, that have been taken to foster gender equality over the last few decades.
Next, we will seek to define and explain the marketability of athletes, and the marketing differences between male and female athletes. Lastly, we will detail the lack of visibility and exposure for female athletes, and the inherent inequality in the viewership and broadcasting of female sports, including some recommendations for the future.
Part 2 - History of Gender Inequality Gender inequality has inarguably been a part of human society since the formation of our basic social institutions.
Laid within these foundations of marriage, land ownership, and value are manifest and latent forms of misogyny that have survived to this day.
The relationship of gender inequality proliferates itself from these racial differences in the past, as Europeans marginalized and racialized native groups based on the differences in their sexual and reproductive practices. In both cultures, however, men were the decision makers and property owners except in the case of certain Native American cultureswhile women were confined to domestic work and childcare.
Moving forward to colonial times, settlers in Virginia used connections between race and gender to make distinctions between African and English women, and how they were taxed on their wages.
Work done by African women was considered labor, and was taxable, while English women were considered to be doing domestic work and would not be taxed. In the pre-modern era, these race restrictions manifested themselves into the laws of citizenship.
Women would lose their U. There has been an undeniable relationship between racial and gender-based marginalization throughout U. Marxist theories say that two sets of relations have been critical in defining the current stage of exploitation and inequality: Additionally, it has created gender roles within families and has changed the structure, exchange, and division of labor.
Gender discrimination in sports has long been a controversial topic due to unequal wage, unequal viewership, and unequal opportunities between men and women. Unfortunately, gender discrimination is still an issue in the 21st century. Gender discrimination in sports Dr. Vishwas Manohar Deshpande women's sports philosophy". Gender Discrimination esteem among a plethora of gender discrimination instances. Women’s participation in sports has a long history. It is a history marked by discrimination, but also one that is . Gender discrimination in sports has long been a controversial topic due to unequal wage, unequal viewership, and unequal opportunities between men and women. Unfortunately, gender discrimination is still an issue in the 21 st century. However, we strongly believe that we, collectively, men and women, can do more about gender equality supporting the promotion of women in sports.
These historical developments have now grown into modern society, with the issue of equal pay at its head. Statistics indicate that the wage gap is at a Attempts have been made to reduce the large wage gap between men and women. These efforts started with the passing of Title IX in discussed belowand have continued with legislation like the Executive Order signed by President Barack Obama in The larger problem of gender inequality and its historical development is best represented by the unequal compensation in sports, particularly through the claims and demands of the USWNT.
Considering such evidence, the question of the fight put up by sports institutions against the issue of wage disparity and the legislation and protections around it is compelling to explore. One of the major advancements in the fight for female athlete equality came in when Congress passed a law called Title IX.
Title IX was designed to give both males and females equal opportunity in college athletics Senne. The main focus of Title IX is that "no person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance" "Title IX".
The primary objective of Title IX was to create more opportunities for women in sports, and to give them the chance to receive a more well-rounded education.Discrimination against women starts at birth. Gender lines are drawn early, and exclusions for women continue throughout adulthood.
Learn more here.
Examination of Gender Equity and Female Participation in Sport. Author: Joshua A. Senne*(1) still less likely to participate in sports or to be given equal opportunities in sports governance because of gender discrimination and gender stereotypes. how society is affecting gender equity and female sports participation through.
Gender discrimination in sports has long been a controversial topic due to unequal wage, unequal viewership, and unequal opportunities between men and women.
Unfortunately, gender discrimination is still an issue in the 21st century. Jan 09, · Since there is a lower fan interest in women's sports compared to men's sports, the television rights fees to cover women's sports are substantially lower.
Gender discrimination in sports has long been a controversial topic due to unequal wage, unequal viewership, and unequal opportunities between men and women. Unfortunately, gender discrimination is still an issue in the 21 st century. However, we strongly believe that we, collectively, men and women, can do more about gender equality supporting the promotion of women in sports.
Still, more needs to be done for equality in men and women’s sports. Any sports fan will admit that he or she watches more men’s sports than women’s.
When asked why, one may answer that men are stronger, faster, and more athletic or the game is more entertaining when men are participating instead of women.