Through the remainder of the Middle Ages the kings of England held extensive territories in Francebased on their history in this Duchy.
Through the remainder of the Middle Ages the kings of England held extensive territories in Francebased on their history in this Duchy. Under the Angevin EmpireEngland formed English colonies of a collection of lands in the British Isles and France held by the Plantagenet dynasty. At the outset of the war the Kings of England ruled almost all of France, but by the end of it in English colonies the Pale of Calais remained to them.
The Channel Islandsas the remnants of the Duchy of Normandyretain their link to the Crown to the present day, Other early English expansion occurred within the British Isles. As early asthe Norman invasion of Ireland began to establish English possessions in Irelandwith thousands of English and Welsh settlers arriving in Ireland.
The voyages of Christopher Columbus began inand he sighted land in the West Indies on 12 October that year. Cabot sailed insuccessfully making landfall on the coast of Newfoundland.
There, he believed he had reached Asia and made no attempt to found a permanent colony. Spain was well established in the Americas, while Portugal had built up a network of trading posts and fortresses on the coasts of Africa, Braziland Chinaand the French had already begun to settle the Saint Lawrence Riverwhich later became New France.
Soon there was an explosion of English colonial activity, driven by men seeking new land, by the pursuit of trade, and by the search for religious freedom. In the 17th century, the destination of most English people making a new life overseas was in the West Indies rather than in North America.
Frobisher returned to Frobisher Bay insolemnly taking possession of the south side of it in Queen Elizabeth's name. In a third voyage, inhe reached the shores of Greenland and also made an unsuccessful attempt at founding a settlement in Frobisher Bay.
However, the expedition was abandoned before the Atlantic had been crossed. InGilbert sailed to Newfoundlandwhere in a formal ceremony he took possession of the harbour of St John's together with all land within two hundred leagues to the north and south of it, although he left no settlers behind him.
He did not survive the return journey to England. This charter specified that Raleigh had seven years in which to establish a settlement, or else lose his right to do so. Raleigh and Elizabeth intended that the venture should provide riches from the New World and a base from which to send privateers on raids against the treasure fleets of Spain.
Raleigh himself never visited North America, although he led expeditions in and to the Orinoco River basin in South America in search of the golden city of El Dorado.
Instead, he sent others to found the Roanoke Colonylater known as the "Lost Colony". Most of the new English colonies established in North America and the West Indieswhether successfully or otherwise, were proprietary colonies with Proprietorsappointed to found and govern settlements under mercantile charters granted to joint stock companies.
Early examples of these are the Virginia Companywhich created the first successful English overseas settlements at Jamestown in and Bermudaunofficially in and officially inits spin-offthe Somers Isles Companyto which Bermuda also known as the Somers Isles was transferred inand the Newfoundland Company which settled Cuper's Cove near St John's, Newfoundland in Rhode Island, Connecticut, and Massachusetts Bay were also charter colonies.
Bermudatoday the oldest-remaining British Overseas Territorywas settled and claimed by England as a result of the shipwreck there in of the Virginia Company's flagship Sea Venture.Define British colonies. British colonies synonyms, British colonies pronunciation, British colonies translation, English dictionary definition of British colonies.
The geographic and political units formerly under British control, including dominions, colonies, dependencies, trust territories, and protectorates. The first English colony in North America was established on Roanoke Island in , in what is now North Carolina.
A second colony, the so-called Lost Colony, was established two years later, but. By there were British American colonies in New England, Virginia, and Maryland and settlements in the Bermudas, Honduras, Antigua, Barbados, and Nova Scotia.
Jamaica was obtained by conquest in , and the Hudson’s Bay Company established itself . Jun 17, · Watch video · In , there were about , European and African settlers in North America’s thirteen English colonies. By , on the eve of revolution, there were nearly million.
She defied gender roles in the colonies by being the first woman of non-royal heritage to govern an English colony.
Massachusetts Bay Colony [ edit ] The Massachusetts Bay Colony, another corporate colony, was founded as a place far from England where its religious dissenters could live. Other English colonies sprang up all along the Atlantic coast, from Maine in the north to Georgia in the south.
Swedish and Dutch colonies took shape in and around what is now New York. Swedish and Dutch colonies took shape in and around what is now New York.