Literature review on urban poverty in india

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Literature review on urban poverty in india

Disclaimer Postpartum depression in India: Independent Researcher, New Delhi, India. Correspondence to Ravi Prakash Upadhyay email: Bulletin of the World Health Organization ; A systematic review of 47 studies in 18 countries reported a prevalence of Addressing these issues is therefore a priority for national governments and their international partners.

The impetus for this will come from reliable scientific evidence of the burden of mental health problems and their adverse consequences.

Topic: Literature Review On Poverty In India – | SB20 Class Section III provides a brief review of the literature on the subject. A…Changes in income distribution and poverty in India:

Dedicated maternal mental health services are largely deficient in health-care facilities, and health workers lack mental health training.

The availability of mental health specialists is limited or non-existent in peripheral health-care facilities. Despite the growing number of empirical studies on postpartum depression in India, there is a lack of robust systematic evidence that looks not only at the overall burden of postpartum depression, but also its associated risk factors.

Our current understanding of the epidemiology of postpartum depression is largely dependent on a few regional studies, with very few nationwide data. The current review was done to fill this gap, by providing an updated estimate of the burden of postpartum depression in India, to synthesize the important risk factors and to provide evidence-based data for prioritization of maternal mental health care.

Any discrepancy in the search results was planned to be discussed with a third author AKR. We also searched the bibliographies of included articles and government reports on government websites to identify relevant primary literature to be included in the final analysis.

For studies with missing data or requiring clarification, we contacted the principal investigators. Original research; published in the past 15 years; humans Study selection and data extraction For a study to be included in the systematic review, it had to be original research done in India, within a cross-sectional framework of a few weeks to 1 year post-birth.

We excluded research done in a specific population, such as mothers living with human immunodeficiency virus; research including mothers with any current chronic disease. To have a fairly recent estimate of the burden of postpartum depression, we considered only studies published from the year and later.

After initial screening of titles and abstracts, we reviewed the full text of eligible publications. Decisions about inclusion of studies and interpretation of data were resolved by discussion among the reviewers.

Data from all studies meeting the inclusion criteria were extracted and tabulated. The selection category consists of parameters, such as representativeness of the sample, adequacy of the sample size, non-response rate and use of a validated measurement tool to gather data on exposure.

The comparability category examines whether subjects in different outcome groups are comparable based on the study design and analysis and whether confounding factors were controlled for or not.

The outcome category includes whether data on outcome s were collected by independent blind assessment, through records or by self-reporting.

The outcome category also includes whether the statistical tests used to analyse data were clearly described and whether these tests were appropriate or not.

Conceptual Framework of Urban Poverty Reduction: A Review of Literature - ScienceDirect

In case of any discrepancy, a third author AP was consulted. Data analysis We did a meta-analysis of the reported prevalence of postpartum depression in the included studies. Heterogeneity between studies was quantified by the I2 statistic. In addition, the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale, which was used in the majority of studies we identified, can give false-positive results in the early postpartum period.

We also did separate subgroup analyses on each of the following factors: Not all the studies provided data on the mean age of the study participants that was required for subgroup analysis; however, the proportion of mothers in specific age ranges were available. Using this information, we estimated the mean age of the study participants.

For studies that reported the prevalence of postpartum depression in mothers at different time points, we used the prevalence reported in the earliest time point to reduce the effect of lost to follow-up.

The Rural-Urban Divide in India Viktoria Hnatkovskayand Amartya Lahiriy March between rural agriculture and urban industry. A parallel literature has addressed the issue of the redistributionary e⁄ects associated with these There is a large body of work on inequality and poverty in India. A sample of this work can be found in. the literature on poverty in India, and urban poverty in the developing world, by identifying the spatio-temporal variations that underlie urban pov- erty in a rapidly urbanizing economy. Policy in India” attempted to provides a general literature review on the question of Indian urban poverty with the object of considering the importance of an employment creation or environmental improvement approach to poverty alleviation.

We used meta-regression analysis to identify factors contributing to the heterogeneity in effect size, i. We assessed publication bias with the Egger test and used a funnel plot to graphically represent the bias. Finally, we listed the risk factors for postpartum depression.This paper provides a general literature review on the question of Indian urban poverty with the object of considering the importance of an employment creation or environmental improvement approach to poverty alleviation.

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the literature on poverty in India, and urban poverty in the developing world, by identifying the spatio-temporal variations that underlie urban pov- erty in a rapidly urbanizing economy.

Review of literature on rural poverty in india. Review of literature on rural poverty in india. 5 stars based writing about weather film analysis essay guidelines ubc thesis template latex academic writing skills pdf list of literature review topics nursing effects of peer pressure pdf 50 questions about basketball 3rd grade division word.

The literature on poverty in India is vast and many of the contributions or references to the contributions can be found in Srinivasan and Bardhan (, ),Fields(),Tendulkar(),DeatonandDreze(),Bhalla(),and`.

Literature review on urban poverty in india

Literature Review Sustainable Development Approaches for Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation & Community Capacity Building for Rural stresses, global deterioration of urban air pollution (UNDESA ).

6 Food security: chronic hunger is fundamentally not an issue of just more food; it is.

Urbanization Reviews