The Microsoft Project version employed ODBC to connect to the server, which is problematic over low bandwidth and high latency connections. The version uses SOAP to access the server.
Background[ edit ] Information in the United States on psychic research in some foreign countries was sketchy and poorly detailed, based mostly on rumor or innuendo from second-hand or tertiary reporting, attributed to both reliable and unreliable disinformation sources from the Soviet Union.
Various programs were approved yearly and re-funded accordingly. Reviews were made semi-annually at the Senate and House select committee level.
Work results were reviewed, and remote viewing was attempted with the results being kept secret from the "viewer". It was thought that if the viewer was shown they were incorrect it would damage the viewer's confidence and skill.
This was standard operating procedure throughout the years of military and domestic remote viewing programs. Feedback to the remote viewer of any kind was rare; it was kept classified and secret.
Normally it is performed to detect current events, but during military and domestic intelligence applications viewers claimed to sense things in the future, experiencing precognition.
Their apparently successful results garnered interest within the U. He was to specifically evaluate Geller. Hyman's report to the government was that Geller was a "complete fraud" and as a consequence Targ and Puthoff lost their government contract to do further work with him.
The result was a publicity tour for Geller, Targ and Puthoff, to seek private funding for further research work on Geller. In the existence of the program was reported by Jack Andersonand in that year it was unfavorably received by the National Academy of Sciences National Research Council.
The CIA commissioned a report by American Institutes for Research that found that remote viewing had not been proved to work by a psychic mechanism, and said it had not been used operationally.
The CIA subsequently cancelled and declassified the program. The appointed panel consisted primarily of Jessica Utts and Ray Hyman. Hyman had produced an unflattering report on Uri Geller and SRI for the government two decades earlier, but the psychologist David Marks noted that as Utts had published papers with Edwin May "she was not independent of the research team.
Her appointment to the review panel is puzzling; an evaluation is likely to be less than partial when an evaluator is not independent of the program under investigation. Psychologists, such as myself, who study subjective validation find nothing striking or surprising in the reported matching of reports against targets in the Stargate data.
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The overwhelming amount of data generated by the viewers is vague, general, and way off target. The few apparent hits are just what we would expect if nothing other than reasonable guessing and subjective validation are operating.
Joe Nickell has written: Other evaluators-two psychologists from AIR assessed the potential intelligence-gathering usefulness of remote viewing.
They concluded that the alleged psychic technique was of dubious value and lacked the concreteness and reliability necessary for it to be used as a basis for making decisions or taking action.
The final report found "reason to suspect" that in "some well publicised cases of dramatic hits" the remote viewers might have had "substantially more background information" than might otherwise be apparent. The possibility of cues or sensory leakage was not ruled out, no independent replicationsome of the experiments were conducted in secret making peer-review impossible.
Marks noted that the judge Edwin May was also the principal investigator for the project and this was problematic making huge conflict of interest with collusion, cuing and fraud being possible.
Marks concluded the project was nothing more than a "subjective delusion" and after two decades of research it had failed to provide any scientific evidence for the legitimacy of remote viewing.
The foregoing observations provide a compelling argument against continuation of the program within the intelligence community.
Even though a statistically significant effect has been observed in the laboratory, it remains unclear whether the existence of a paranormal phenomenon, remote viewing, has been demonstrated. The laboratory studies do not provide evidence regarding the origins or nature of the phenomenon, assuming it exists, nor do they address an important methodological issue of inter-judge reliability.
Further, even if it could be demonstrated unequivocally that a paranormal phenomenon occurs under the conditions present in the laboratory paradigm, these conditions have limited applicability and utility for intelligence gathering operations.
For example, the nature of the remote viewing targets are vastly dissimilar, as are the specific tasks required of the remote viewers. Most importantly, the information provided by remote viewing is vague and ambiguous, making it difficult, if not impossible, for the technique to yield information of sufficient quality and accuracy of information for actionable intelligence.
Thus, we conclude that continued use of remote viewing in intelligence gathering operations is not warranted. Methodology[ edit ] The Stargate Project created a set of protocols designed to make the research of clairvoyance and out-of-body experiences more scientificand to minimize as much as possible session noise and inaccuracy.
The term " remote viewing " emerged as shorthand to describe this more structured approach to clairvoyance. Project Stargate would only receive a mission after all other intelligence attempts, methods, or approaches had already been exhausted.
People leaving the project were not replaced.The Degree Confluence Project contains photographs of the intersections of integer latitude and longitude degree lines. Project Viewer is the leading viewer for opening, reading and sharing Microsoft Project files without buying expensive MS Project licenses.
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