Public and private prisons and the corrections privatization debate

Home List of Pros and Cons 5 Foremost Pros and Cons of Private Prisons 5 Foremost Pros and Cons of Private Prisons List of Pros and Cons Oct 28, A private prison, which is also known as a private facility or for-profit prison, is where people are confined or incarcerated by a third party contracted by a government agency. Private prison companies enter into a contractual agreement with governments that commit prisoners into the facility then pay a per diem or monthly rate for each incarcerated individual. Private prisons are being used all around the world, with the United Kingdom being the first nation in Europe to use prisons run by the private sector. Australia is also one of the first countries to use private prisons.

Public and private prisons and the corrections privatization debate

Gamble addressed the medical treatment of US prisoners, affirming their Constitutional protection to sufficient health care. Over 40 years later, the practical application of this decision is still in question, as correctional health care often fails to meet the needs of inmates when administered by state facilities.

Public and private prisons and the corrections privatization debate

And because alternatives, such as privatized health care, come with its own set of social and economic concerns, the lack of political pressure on this subject represents a gap in contemporary policy.

The United States has the fastest growing prison population in the world, with adults percurrently incarcerated [1]. Compared to similarly industrialized Western nations, the United States is an outlier, filling its cells with record numbers of nonviolent offenders.

Since the declaration of the War on Drugs, inmates have increasingly been overrepresented by those who have committed drug offenses [2]. Due to mandatory minimum sentencing laws, judicial discretion is minimized in these cases, which further facilitates the systematic incarceration of Americans.

While social scientists are divided over the necessity of this law, one undeniable implication is the high costs of supporting the growing inmate population for prolonged periods, accounting for housing, food, and health care.

Prison populations of comparable Western nations. One aforementioned aspect of this is prison health care, which, when sufficient, treats the emergencies and chronic illnesses of inmates, and when insufficient, becomes its own form of capital punishment [3].

Inthe Supreme Court ruled in Estelle v. Gamble that all prisoners are entitled to adequate medical care [4]. A significant advance for prisoners, Estelle v. Gamble ostensibly addressed the plight of inmates who were previously subjected to discretionary care.

Despite this ruling, however, the 2.

Debating prison privatization

In this regard, incarcerated individuals have little choice over their health care, as they are separated from the private workforce foregoing benefits and ineligible for Medicaid while incarcerated [6].

Out of options and seeking treatment, inmates also face extra fees. In 35 states, inmates have medical copayments, which go toward prison revenue [4]. Authorized by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, this money is taken from commissary accounts, which are made up of prison job wages and family contributions.

Incarcerated men are at the lowest ends of national income distribution. In effect, inmate copays serve as a financial burden with only marginal benefit.

Mental health care, for example, is often inaccessible. Chronic mental illnesses such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are associated with a high probability of incarceration, but in prison, mentally ill inmates are not guaranteed sustained medication.

The problem is particularly acute in jails, as a jail-stay is often temporary but can be prolonged for up to 23 months. In prisons too, being denied counseling and medication can have adverse effects, such as intensifying altercations between inmates and correctional officers, as well as among inmates themselves.

Percentages of mental health care. National Institute of Mental Health This threat of being denied medication due to limited health care access extends beyond mental health. The case of Ashley Diamond, a year old transgender woman, illustrates another issue with prison health services.

The Justice Department declared formal support for Diamond, agreeing that the hormone therapy was necessary medical care. While Diamond has since been released from prison, no tangible change in her medication manifested during her sentence, which represents how stark deviations on the inside can be from federal standards.Today, the privatization of prisons refers both to the takeover of existing public facilities by private operators and to the building and operation of new and additional prisons by for-profit prison companies.

REFRAMING THE DEBATE OVER PRIVATE PRISONS The privatization of corrections, or punishment, is an especially significant A. Dickinson, Public Values/Private Contract, in GOVERNMENT BY CONTRACT: OUTSOURCING AND DEMOCRACY , (Jody Freeman & Martha Minow eds.

It was the first ever state prison sold to a private company — Corrections Corporation of America — and after taking over operations, four people were arrested that were trying to smuggle contraband into the prison.

State audits found after the privatization, “patterns of . The prison-industrial complex is the economic interrelation between private prisons and various public and private job sectors that have become dependent on the expansion of the private prison system.

The Current State of Public and Private Prison Healthcare. February 24, Implications of Privatization More controversial than the installment of private correctional care companies in state facilities is the role of private health care in private prisons.

Private prisons, explained The debate over prison privatization tends to center on three points: cost, quality and morality. Other work has found that private and public prisons have.

Private vs. Public Facilities, Is it cost effective and safe?