Creation What is the difference between test-tube baby and human cloning?
Imagine an earth where every animal lives within an enclosed area where all humankind can see them. Yet, within these enclosures are the only places humans can see these animals alive.
It is because the animals' habitats have been damaged and completely destroyed for the needs and usage of human kind. These enclosed areas are called Cloned Zoos: The Final Stronghold of the World's Biodiversity.
These cloned zoos are full of cloned animals that have been brought back from the dead or from the edge of extinction. Humankind has come to a point where all life on earth is controlled by human hands and where without the help of humans no animals will survive.
What is cloning? From a scientific standpoint, what procedures would be used to clone a human? Human cloning is Is cloning humans different procedurally from cloning animals? Bringing Back Baby Jason Florida International University%(7). This is where the confusion starts. The phrase cloning means different things to different people. A clone is a genetic copy of another organism. What cloning has come to mean to most people is to. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Replication: The Jason Experiment at schwenkreis.com Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. An intriguing read about cloning. Jill Williamson is one of my favorite authors so it was no surprise that I loved it. her struggle with how to deal with different challenges.
Can you imagine a world where this instance has become reality? Could humankind allow this atrocity to happen? Will they allow this atrocity to happen? Well, some scientists are trying to avert this tragedy from occurring by using cloning to preserve those animals that are endangered or rapidly approaching the brink of extinction.
The technology for cloning is improving and some scientists are turning to this technology as a way to preserve the genes of species faced with extinction due to weak reproductive abilities or a population, which is split and unable to reach another population.
A member of an endangered species can be cloned and reintroduced into the original or a distant and unreachable population. Another option is the member being cloned can be brought back to life after it has died in order that its genes are still part of the gene pool.
An estimated one hundred species go extinct each and every day, which means that approximately 36, species would go extinct every year British Broadcasting Corporation This extinction trend could come to an end one day by the use of cloning technology to preserve and protect endangered species from dying out.
Yet cloning is not the final solution because other problems exist and would not be solved by this technology. Therefore, cloning endangered species will not be the entire answer for saving them from extinction but only a possible solution to save those who are endangered today.
It is not a complete solution because other factors are involved in the protection of a species and will be discussed later in the paper.
The Methods of Cloning: Cloning is a very expensive and time-consuming process that is done in a laboratory. The process also has a very low success rate and requires many eggs and trials to get several live births.
John Renniethe editor for Scientific American magazine, says that "Cloning depends on merging DNA from a body cell into an egg cell stripped of its own DNA, then implanting this composite into a female for gestation,"p. Today scientists are using two differing methods for cloning, the nuclear transfer process and a newer technique called "handmade" cloning.
The nuclear transfer process is the standard technique that has been used by scientists for the majority of cloning procedures. First, the eggs are placed in a culture where they mature. Secondly, a needle is placed into the egg and removes the polar body and genetic material of the egg leaving behind only cytoplasm.
Next, the skin cells of the endangered species are grown in a culture.
A single skin cell is then pulled up into the needle and inserted in between the zona pellucida  and the egg wall. Then, a small electrical shock is administered to the egg and the skin cell and egg fuse together to form a new egg from two different species. Finally, within a few hours after fusion is complete cell division begins Lanza, Dresser, Damiani, p.
This technique produces an egg that is only half the size of the original egg because some of its cytoplasm was removed along with the polar body and nucleus at the beginning of the process. The other method that is beginning to be used for the cloning process is called handmade cloning because it is much easier to do, less expensive, and more successful.
Handmade cloning is done by first cutting the egg in half and removing the half that contains the genetic material. Then the other half, called a cytoplast, is fused with a cell from the animal to be cloned. Finally, another cytoplast is fused with this egg to produce a cloned egg of the same proportions as a natural egg Westphal, p.
These two processes for cloning differ in several ways; one being the size of the resulting egg is different.
Additionally, the second method is cheaper and faster then the first method. Why is the second method cheaper and faster?When we speak of cloning, we typically think of organism cloning, but there are actually three different types of cloning. Molecular Cloning Molecular cloning focuses on making identical copies of DNA molecules in chromosomes.
What are the types of artificial cloning? There are three different types of artificial cloning: gene cloning, reproductive cloning and therapeutic cloning. Gene cloning produces copies of genes or segments of DNA.
Reproductive cloning produces copies of whole animals. Baby Jason Case Study Human cloning is one of the most revolutionary yet controversial topics in the world of genetic research.
To clone, or create an organism with an exact genetic copy as that of an existing organism’s, not only provokes a plethora of ethical concerns but further surfaces. ⁃ Human cloning is when a genetically identical copy of another human being is created.
⁃ Researchers use the nucleus of a somatic cell taken from the host & place it into a vacant egg cell. This egg cell has had its nucleus removed, therefore it will take the DNA from the transported nucleus%(8).
"Bringing Back Baby Jason" is a dilemma case that explores the concept of human cloning. While this case presents a fictitious scenario, it is grounded in fact. In September , Charleston attorney and former state delegate Mark Hunt and his wife Tracey began contemplating cloning their infant son Andrew, who died after a heart surgery procedure.
The ethical issues with reproductive cloning include genetic damage to the clone, health risks to the mother, very low success rate meaning loss of large numbers of embryos and fetuses, psychological harm to the clone, complex altered familial relationships, and commodification of human life.