The significance of parents in child development

The Importance of Parent-child Relations in the General Development of Children By Damon Verial ; Updated September 26, One face of the parent-child relationship resembles that of the teacher-student relationship.

The significance of parents in child development

The role of parents in early childhood learning Susan H. From a socio-cultural viewpoint, cognitively responsive behaviours e. Increased volume in this brain region is associated with more optimal development of a number of psychosocial factors e.

Problem Despite the central role for responsive parenting in different research frameworks, much of what we know about this parenting style comes from descriptive studies. This means that we can only infer the importance of responsive parenting. To assume a causal influence of responsive parenting on child outcomes would require data from experimental studies with random assignment.

Fortunately, there is growing evidence from interventions targeting the facilitation of responsive parent practices that show positive results and some evidence that when responsive behaviours are increased children showed at least short-term increases in cognitive, social, and emotional skills.

Can interventions targeting responsive parenting work for different types of high risk parents? Do increases in the various aspects of responsiveness explain the positive changes in different aspects of cognitive and social development?

Is parental responsiveness equally effective, or does its effectiveness vary for children with varying characteristics e. After the infancy phase, mothers receiving the intervention showed strong increases in all responsiveness behaviours and their infants showed higher levels and faster growth rates in a range of skills.

For example, independent problem-solving during toy play showed greater increases for infants whose mothers received the intervention compared to infants whose mothers did not receive the intervention.

The effects of the intervention also generalized to positively influence parent and child behaviours during a shared book reading activity, even though this activity was not a specific focus of the intervention. Finally, interventions targeting responsive parenting practices also show similar positive effects for parents of varying risk factors e.

Now research is needed to further delineate this specificity between particular types of responsive support and particular developmental goals. Expanding our understanding of how responsive parenting looks and works across different family and child characteristics would add to the development of a more highly specified model of responsive parenting.

Finally, determination of what supports need to be in place to assist parents with their attempts to be responsive could enhance the effectiveness of responsive parent interventions.


There are many new research avenues that need to be explored and questions addressed in recent studies that require further examination. Policy and practice decision-makers need to pay particular attention to parents who are most at risk: Synthesis of relevant research should guide new investments in parent programs and the development of research initiatives concerning responsive parenting.

Developmental science is frequently not well integrated into policy or program application. When new investments are made in publicly funded services for children and families, there is often a greater emphasis on accountability.The importance of early childhood development Evidence tells us that a person’s life successes, health and emotional wellbeing have their roots in early childhood.

The significance of parents in child development

We know that if we get it right in the early years, we can expect to see children thrive throughout school and their adult lives. As a parent, it is necessary to recognize the importance of the development of behaviors in children and how this can impact a child’s social development.

An important aspect of child behavior formation is operant conditioning, an idea popularized by B. F.

The significance of parents in child development

Skinner. Parents play an important role in child’s life along with siblings, teachers, elders, friends etc. The traditional pattern of family i.e. consisting of mother and father (parents) with children is the best place for children development. The child-parent relationship has a major influence on most aspects of child development.

The importance of early childhood development

When optimal, parenting skills and behaviours have a positive impact on children’s self-esteem, school achievement, cognitive development and behaviour. The importance of identification for personality development means that the parents' personality, talents, and character, as they are perceived by the child, are of significance.

When the content of parental rewards and punishments is in accord with the adult's persona as a role model, the content of adult socialization is potentiated. The child development experts at the PBS Parents website note that parents can be role models for learning by integrating what school-age children have already learned into daily life.

Considerations Families are becoming increasingly diverse, states the New York University Child Care Center, as children may be part of same-sex, interracial and multi-generational families.

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